The Kubler-Ross Stages of Grief that most of us have heard of before come from Elizabeth Kübler-Ross’ book, On Death and Dying.
Kübler-Ross describes five stages of dying that begin when a patient
learns he or she has a terminal illness. In her final book, On Grief and Grieving, Kübler-Ross substituted the term “five stages of loss” and “stages of grief” for her previous “stages of dying.”
These are the five stages of the Kübler-Ross Stages of Grief:
the years people have applied these five stages to the grief process
calling them 5 stages of grief even though no one has proven that these
“stages” exist. In fact, there is controversy about whether people
commonly experience "stages" of grief.
- Denial. Some people mistake the sense of shock and bewilderment at the news of a loved one's death as denial. People will often express their difficulty believing that someone has died, especially if they did not witness the death. Accidents and tragic deaths are especially difficult to imagine. Denial may be more about holding back feelings of loss and grief.
- Anger. There is evidence that Kübler-Ross’ carried a great deal of anger that she did not come to terms with until late in life.
Many people are sad about the loss of their loved one and never angry
- Bargaining is a common behavior for
those who are diagnosed with a terminal illness. They make
promises to God in hopes of receiving more time to live. However,
this does not apply to those grieving a loss of a loved one. Grievers know they can not bring someone back.
- Depression symptoms and grief symptoms have a lot in common. The lack of motivation or energy, difficulties concentrating, changes in sleeping or eating patterns and sadness occur in both. But when these symptoms are the result of loss, they should not be labeled as depression. The exception would
be someone who is clinically depressed before the loss occurs, will
likely to be clinically depressed and need profession treatment after
the loss. Grief is the normal reaction to the loss of a relationship or
- Acceptance. Not everyone passes automatically through this "stage" of acceptance. Although acceptance is a sign of a healed heart and allows the griever to move into more peace about their loss. Acceptance means making an honest evaluation of the blessings and negatives of a relationship to address the feelings associated with these memories. This is a choice that leads to recovery, rather than a stage.
idea of 5 stages of grief suggests that one must wait until they pass into the
next stage. This is a damaging myth.
While someone may
experience anger or depression when mourning a loved one or a loss,
these experiences do not necessarily occur in ordered stages like in the Kubler-Ross Stages of Grief.
reason the term “stages” is unfortunate. To learn more about
the different stage theories of grief, click below.